How to treat dengue fever
The Aedes aegypti mosquito spreads four dengue viruses, which cause dengue illness. To treat dengue fever you need to know Once you’ve been infected with one of the dengue viruses, you’ll be immune to it for the rest of your life. However, the other three viruses can still infect you, so you might catch all four dengue viruses throughout your lifetime. Dengue fever is caused by viruses that are linked to yellow fever and West Nile virus infection.
Dengue fever is estimated to affect at least 400 million people worldwide each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The tropics are particularly hard hit. Infection is most likely in the following areas:
- Central America is a continent in Central America.
- the region of the Caribbean
- Islands of the Pacific
- South America is a continent in South America.
- Southeast Asia is a region in Southeast Asia.
- China’s south
Australia’s northernmost regions
In the United States, there are very few examples. People who catch the virus while going overseas account for the majority of cases diagnosed. Residents of Hawaii, Florida, and Texas near the Mexican border, on the other hand, are at an increased risk of infection.
Dengue fever is spread by a mosquito carrying the dengue virus biting you. There is no person-to-person transmission. A dengue-infected pregnant woman, on the other hand, can transfer the sickness to her unborn child.
Symptoms of dengue fever
The symptoms of dengue fever generally appear four to ten days after the initial infection.. Symptoms will be minor in many situations. They might be confused for flu or other illness symptoms.
Young children and persons who have never been infected may suffer a less severe disease than older children and adults. Symptoms can last anywhere from 2 to 7 days and include:
- High fever (up to 106°F or 41°C) that develops suddenly.
- terrible throbbing headache
- lymph glands swollen
- severe muscular and joint aches
- rashes on the skin (appearing between 2 and 5 days after the initial fever)
- Severe dengue symptoms might include:
- stomach ache and discomfort
- Vomiting can range from mild to severe (three times in 24 hours)
- a little amount of blood from the nose or gums
- tiredness, restlessness, or irritability after vomiting blood or having blood in your stool
Dengue fever diagnosis
Blood tests are used by doctors to check for dengue virus antibodies or infection. A virological or serological test may be used by a clinician.
This test looks for viral components directly. Because this sort of testing frequently necessitates specialized equipment and some technically skilled personnel, it may not be offered in all medical institutions.
Antibodies in the blood are detected in this test to confirm a current or recent infection.
If you get dengue symptoms after visiting outside of the nation, you should consult a doctor to be sure you don’t have the virus.
Dengue fever treatment
Dengue infection does not have a particular medicine or therapy.
If you suspect you have dengue fever, headache, or joint discomfort, you should take over-the-counter pain medications. However, aspirin and ibuprofen should be avoided since they might increase bleeding.
Dengue fever complications
This can lead to a more dangerous form of the disease known as dengue hemorrhagic fever in a tiny percentage of patients.
Dengue fever is a hemorrhagic illness caused by the dengue virus.
Having antibodies to the dengue virus from prior infection and having a compromised immune system are both risk factors for developing dengue hemorrhagic fever.
This uncommon type of illness is characterized by the following symptoms:
Damage to the lymphatic system and blood vessels as a result of a high fever
the nose is bleeding
Internal bleeding, bleeding from the gums, liver enlargement, and circulatory system failure are all symptoms of a failing circulatory system.
Dengue hemorrhagic fever symptoms can lead to dengue shock syndrome, which includes low blood pressure, a weak pulse, chilly, clammy skin, and restlessness. its shock syndrome is a serious condition that can result in a lot of blood and possibly death.
Dengue fever prevention
Dengvaxia, a new dengue vaccine authorized by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2019, is now available. It’s accessible in some countries and takes three doses spaced out over six months.
Avoiding mosquito bites and reducing the mosquito population are the greatest ways to protect yourself. When you’re in a high-risk region, you should take the following precautions:
- Stay away from densely crowded residential areas.
- Mosquito repellent should be used both indoors and outdoors.
- Wear long-sleeved shirts and trousers with socks tucked in.
- Instead of opening the windows, turn on the air conditioner.
- Make sure the screens on your windows and doors are secure and that any holes are fixed.
- If your sleeping space isn’t screened, use mosquito netting.
Eliminating mosquito breeding sites is an important part of reducing mosquito populations. Any site where still water may accumulate falls into this category, such as:
Birdbaths, pet bowls, empty planters, flower pots, and cans are all examples of empty vessels.
These locations should be inspected, emptied, or replaced on a regular basis.
Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever
In many tropical and subtropical areas, dengue fever is a prevalent mosquito-borne disease. According to one research, 50 million illnesses occur each year. Fever, rash, muscle and joint discomfort are some of the milder symptoms.
When mosquitoes bite people who have contaminated blood, they get infected with the dengue virus, which they subsequently transfer to other people. Dengue fever is spread via mosquito bites, but it can also be contracted by coming into contact with contaminated blood.
Dengue fever is seldom fatal. The illness, however, might proceed to severe dengue or dengue hemorrhagic fever, which is a deadlier condition.
Dengue hemorrhagic fever symptoms include:
- beneath the skin bruising
- a lot of vomiting
- stomach ache
After a person recovers from a dengue virus infection, the more severe symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever typically appear.
Dengue hemorrhagic fever
When bitten by an infected insect or exposed to contaminated blood, dengue hemorrhagic fever can develop. Mosquitoes are the most prevalent source of infection.
The dengue virus is divided into four kinds. Once you’ve been infected with one of the viruses, you’ll be immune to it for the rest of your life.
This protection, however, will not protect you from other infections. In your lifetime, you have a chance of contracting all four kinds of dengue virus.
Actually, having been exposed to one strain of dengue virus makes you more susceptible to severe dengue when you are exposed to another. In other words, frequent exposure to the dengue virus can increase the risk of developing the disease.
Who is most vulnerable to dengue hemorrhagic fever?
Dengue fever is more likely to be contracted if you live or travel in Southeast Asia, South and Central America, Sub-Saharan Africa, or portions of the Caribbean. Other persons who are at a higher risk are:
- tiny children and newborns
- Pregnant women (the virus may be passed to the fetus)
- adults in their later years
- people whose immune systems are weakened
How can you know if you have dengue hemorrhagic fever?
The following are some of the most common symptoms of dengue fever:
- Fever might be low, moderate, or severe.
- discomfort in the muscles, bones, or joints after vomiting
- dermatitis (skin rashes)
You may appear to be healing from dengue fever only to acquire new and more severe symptoms. These signs and symptoms might indicate dengue hemorrhagic fever. If you start to notice any of the following symptoms, contact your doctor right once.
- fever severe abdominal discomfort restlessness abrupt or sudden
- bruising or bleeding beneath the skin
- skin that is chilly or clammy
- blood pressure drops dramatically (shock)
Dengue hemorrhagic fever is diagnosed in one of two ways.
Doctors generally first determine the kind of dengue virus before looking for indications of dengue hemorrhagic fever. Your doctor may do the following procedures:
- your blood pressure should be checked
- Examine your skin, eyes, and glands for any abnormalities.
- conduct coagulation investigations and blood testing
- X-ray your chest
Your doctor may ask you questions about your personal and family medical history in addition to doing these tests. They may inquire about your lifestyle and previous trips, and they may attempt to rule out other tropical diseases such as malaria.
Dengue hemorrhagic fever treatment
The objective of therapy is to alleviate symptoms and prevent the infection from worsening. Severe instances may necessitate immediate medical attention, such as:
To treat pain, you can use over-the-counter or prescription medications.
blood transfusions electrolyte therapy
Blood pressure is closely monitored, and oxygen treatment is administered under the supervision of a competent nurse.
An IV may be used to provide hydration. In severe dengue, however, too much IV fluid might cause “third spacing,” in which fluids seep out of blood vessels.
Dengue hemorrhagic fever complications
Severe or acute dengue hemorrhagic fever can lead to the following complications:
- harm to the brain
- clots in the blood
- liver and pulmonary damage
- harm to the heart
Although prompt treatment might help avoid problems, there are currently no antiviral medicines available to treat dengue virus infection.
What are the long-term prospects?
The prognosis for dengue hemorrhagic fever is determined on how quickly the disease is recognized. People who receive treatment early on in the course of a dengue illness are more likely to recover. This generally happens within a week, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Trusted Source.
Dengue fever isn’t prevalent in the United States, but visitors who visit places where there are dengue epidemics are at a higher risk of contracting the disease. It’s critical to discuss any overseas travel plans with your doctor and to be aware of any diseases that are prevalent in your location.
The CDC maintains an up-to-date health map that shows regions where dengue illness has been reported recently.
What can I do to avoid getting dengue hemorrhagic fever?
A vaccine to prevent dengue illness is being developed by scientists. It is, however, presently unavailable.
The easiest approach to avoid contracting dengue fever is to avoid being bitten by mosquitos. When vacationing in the tropics, wear clothing that covers your arms and legs and use mosquito netting and repellant.
The Dengue Vaccine Could Lead to the Zika Vaccine
Scientists are ecstatic about a dengue vaccine that was found to be 100 percent effective in an experiment where volunteers were willingly infected with the disease.
The findings of a dengue vaccination trial have been hailed by scientists. They claim that the new therapy might ultimately put an end to the sickness and serve as a foundation for a future Zika vaccine.
The study enlisted the help of 48 volunteers who agreed to be infected with the mosquito-borne dengue fever virus.
In a statement, Stephen Whitehead, Ph.D., of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), said, “The findings from this trial are very encouraging to those of us who have spent many years working on vaccine candidates to protect against dengue, a disease that is a significant burden in much of the world.”
What Happened During the Experiment?
At the University of Vermont College of Medicine and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, the experiment began with 48 participants.
The experimental vaccination was given to half of the individuals, while the other half got a single placebo dose.
The TV003 vaccination did not cause sickness in any of the 21 participants who got it. The 20 people who were given the placebo all developed cancer.
Every year, the dengue virus infects almost 400 million individuals. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Trusted Source, the sickness is most prevalent in Puerto Rico and tourist areas in Latin America, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific islands.
Most persons who are infected experience either minor symptoms or none at all. Every year, however, 2 million people contract the most dangerous form of the virus, and 25,000 people die as a result.
Food for dengue fever
Dengue fever may be treated at home using a variety of natural treatments.
The latest epidemic of dengue fever in Bengaluru’s Ayyappa Nagar has raised new concerns about the government’s and residents’ attempts to minimize mosquito breeding, which leads to outbreaks.
While we have little influence over how the government functions, experts believe that investing in good food to boost our immunity, keeping our surroundings clean, and promoting a sanitary lifestyle is the best way to stay safe from dengue. When eaten on a regular basis, the foods listed below can help you recover from the fatal illness induced by an Aedes mosquito bite.
Juice from vegetables
Carrot, cucumber, and other green leafy vegetable juices are high in vital nutrients that aid in the rapid healing of dengue patients.
Porridge is simple to digest and includes nutrients that inhibit the spread of the deadly virus while also providing the body with inner power.
Leaves of papaya
Papaya leaves are well recognized as the finest diet for dengue sufferers. All we need to do is smash and squeeze two fresh papaya leaves to get the juice. Two tablespoons of this juice should be consumed twice a day, either in the morning or at night.
Citrus fruits have been shown to be beneficial to dengue sufferers. Orange juice is high in energy and vitamins, and it aids digestion by increasing urine output, allowing for quicker recuperation.
juice of a lemon
Lemon juice is useful in managing the dengue virus because it lowers the virus’s load in the body when consumed fresh. It is also excellent for the patient’s taste buds, as he or she is not allowed to eat greasy or spicy meals.
Tea with herbs
For those suffering from dengue fever, herbal tea prepared from ginger, cinnamon, and cardamom is beneficial since it lowers the temperature and offers inner power to the weak bones.
Drinking two glasses of coconut water each day is suggested since it replaces all of the minerals and electrolytes lost by the body due to dehydration.
Home remedies for dengue fever
Because of the hot and humid weather, dengue fever is on the rise. Dengue fever is one of the most dangerous viral diseases, afflicting millions of people each year. The situation is made worse by the fact that there is no medical therapy for the condition. However, there are certain home treatments that might help you avoid and treat dengue fever. With the number of cases of dengue fever on the rise, we’ve put together some basic information and home treatments in case you come into touch with the virus.
Dengue Fever Warning Signs
Sometimes dengue fever is known as “break bone fever,” can cause a patient to show warning symptoms. Dengue fever affects around 80% of individuals who come into contact with it, but only 5% of those who get it develop severe symptoms, and 1% of cases can be deadly. The two dangerous kinds of fever that might be deadly are dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock. Patients with dengue hemorrhagic fever have significant bleeding and a drop in platelet count. Blood pressure drops as a result of dengue shock, which can be deadly.
There are a few other symptoms of dengue fever that come with a drop in temperature, including:
- Abdominal discomfort
- Breathing quickly
- Fever is really high.
- Constant vomiting
- Enlargement of the liver
Dengue Fever Natural Treatments
There is no medical treatment for dengue fever, regardless of the kind. You must rely on home cures. In the event of dengue fever, here are several common and efficient home treatments to try.
Drink a proper amount of water
During dengue fever, excessive perspiration and effort can cause severe dehydration. As a result, make sure you drink enough of water and keep hydrated. Keep your body hydrated by drinking water at regular intervals. Maintaining hydration also helps to alleviate headaches and muscular cramps. Toxins in your body exacerbate the impact of viral infections when you have dengue fever. Water also aids in the removal of toxins from your body, which aids in your recovery. With a variety of RO water purifier systems available in India, you can easily install one at home and avoid using any other source of water.
Papaya Leaves Juice
Drinking papaya leaf juice is another helpful treatment. Dengue fever may be treated naturally using papaya leaves. The leaves contain a combination of minerals and chemical substances that aid in platelet production. Papaya leaves also contain a lot of vitamin C, which helps to boost the immune system, and antioxidants, which assist to reduce stress and eliminate toxins from the body. It’s as simple as crushing the leaves and staining the juice from the crushed leaves.
Basil Leaves to Chew
Basil leaves are a miracle plant that not only aids in the treatment of dengue fever but also boosts your general immunity. Chewing 5-6 basil leaves improves immunity and has been recommended as an effective Ayurveda dengue fever therapy. Basil leaves contain natural insecticidal essential oils that keep mosquitoes at away.
Leaves of Neem
Neem leaves have therapeutic qualities, which is why they’re used to treat a wide range of illnesses. To boost platelet and white blood cell counts, steep neem leaves and consume the brew. If you have dengue fever, properly brewed neem leaves can help your immune system.
Dengue fever is usually not deadly, but it can become quite serious very quickly. Consult a doctor and monitor your platelet count on a regular basis. Always have bottled water with you when you go out. Because your body is sensitive to illnesses during this period, consume RO filtered water instead of bottled water. Kent’s water purifiers utilize a proprietary Mineral RO technology that keeps the vital minerals in the water.