Heart attack and foods that saves your heart
The blood supply that usually supplies oxygen to the heart is cut off during a heart attack, and the heart muscle begins to die. In the United States, heart attacks, also known as myocardial infarctions, are quite frequent. In fact, one is expected to occur every 40 seconds.
Some people who are suffering from a heart attack will exhibit warning symptoms, while others will not.
- upper body discomfort chest pain
- breathing problems
A heart attack is a life-threatening medical condition. If you or someone you know is having symptoms that might indicate a heart attack, get medical help right once.
Heart attacks can be caused by a variety of cardiac disorders. Plaque accumulation in the arteries (atherosclerosis), which inhibits blood from reaching the heart muscle, is one of the most prevalent reasons.
Blood clots or a damaged blood artery can also trigger heart attacks. A blood vessel spasm is a less prevalent cause of a heart attack.
The following are some of the signs and symptoms of a heart attack:
- chest discomfort or agony
- tiredness nausea sweating lightheadedness or vertigo
There are many more symptoms that can occur during a heart attack, and men and women may have different symptoms.
Factors that are at risk
A heart attack can be caused by a variety of reasons. Some elements, such as age and family history, are unchangeable. Other risk variables, known as modifiable risk factors, are those that you can alter.
You can’t modify the following risk factors:
Age. If you’re over 65, your chances of suffering a heart attack are higher.
Sex. Men are in more danger than women.
History of the family. You’re more at risk if you have a family history of heart disease, high blood pressure, obesity, or diabetes.
Race. African-Americans are at higher danger.
The following are modifiable risk factors that you can change:
- Obesity from smoking and high cholesterol
- Stress is caused by a lack of exercise, a poor diet, and excessive alcohol intake.
A doctor will diagnose a heart attack after doing a physical exam and reviewing your medical history. An electrocardiogram (ECG) will most likely be performed to monitor the electrical activity of your heart.
They should also collect a blood sample or run additional tests to check whether your heart muscle has been damaged.
Treatments and tests
Your doctor will use a range of tests and treatments to diagnose a heart attack, depending on the reason.
Cardiac catheterization may be recommended by your doctor. This is a probe that is placed into your blood vessels using a catheter, which is a soft flexible tube. It lets your doctor see whether plaque has grown up in any locations. Your doctor can also use the catheter to inject dye into your arteries and take an X-ray to observe how the blood flows and any blockages.
Your doctor may suggest a procedure if you’ve had a heart attack (surgery or nonsurgical). Procedures can help alleviate discomfort and reduce the risk of a recurrent heart attack.
The following are examples of common procedures:
Angioplasty. An angioplasty is a procedure that involves the use of a balloon to unblock a blocked artery or the removal of plaque accumulation.
Stent. A stent is a wire mesh tube that is placed into the artery following angioplasty to keep it open.
Heart bypass surgery is a procedure in which the heart is bypassed The blood is rerouted around the obstruction during bypass surgery.
Surgery on the heart valves. Your leaky valves are replaced during valve replacement surgery to aid the heart’s pumping.
Pacemaker. A pacemaker is a medical device worn beneath the skin. Its purpose is to assist your heart in maintaining a regular beat.
A heart transplant is a procedure in which a person’ In extreme situations where the heart attack has resulted in irreversible tissue death of the majority of the heart, a transplant is undertaken.
Your doctor may also prescribe the following drugs to help you recover from a heart attack:
- Antiplatelet and anticoagulants, generally known as blood thinners, are used to break up clots. Painkillers are also used to break up clots.
- blood pressure medicine nitroglycerin
Doctors who specialize in the treatment of heart attacks
Because heart attacks are so common, they are generally treated initially by an emergency department doctor. After the patient is stable, they are sent to a cardiologist, a specialist who specializes in the heart.
Treatments that are different
Alternative therapies and lifestyle modifications can help you have a healthier heart and lower your risk of a heart attack. Maintaining a healthy heart requires a balanced diet and lifestyle.
Heart attacks are linked to a number of problems. When you have a heart attack, your heart’s regular rhythm is disrupted, and it may stop completely. Arrhythmias are the medical term for these irregular heartbeats.
When your heart stops receiving blood during a heart attack, part of the tissue in your heart might die. This weakens the heart, which can lead to life-threatening diseases including heart failure.
Heart attacks can potentially create leaks in your heart valves. The long-term consequences on your heart will be determined by the length of time it takes to obtain therapy and the extent of the damage.
While many risk factors are beyond your control, you may still take some simple actions to maintain your heart in good shape. You can lower your risk by starting a smoking cessation program. Other essential strategies to lower your risk include eating a nutritious diet, exercising, and reducing your alcohol consumption.
If you have diabetes, make sure you take your prescriptions and monitor your blood sugar levels on a regular basis. In case, you have a cardiac issue, follow your doctor’s instructions and take your medicine. If you’re worried about your risk of a heart attack, talk to your doctor.
Heart Attack Signs and Symptoms
Heart attacks aren’t all the same.
Did you realize that a heart attack can strike without any symptoms of chest pain? Heart failure and heart disease do not manifest themselves in the same way for everyone, particularly women.
The heart is a muscle that pumps blood throughout the body by contracting. When the heart muscle doesn’t get enough blood, it has a heart attack (also known as a myocardial infarction). The heart muscle receives oxygen and nourishment via blood. The afflicted area of your heart muscle might be damaged or perish if there isn’t enough blood going to it. This is hazardous, and it can even be fatal.
Cardiac attacks strike unexpectedly, although they are usually the result of long-term heart disease. Normally, a waxy plaque forms on the interior walls of the blood arteries that supply the heart muscle. A blood clot can break off from the plaque and block blood from flowing through the artery to your heart muscle, resulting in a heart attack.
Stress, physical effort, or cold weather, for example, might cause the blood artery to constrict or spasm, reducing the quantity of blood that can reach your heart muscle.
There are a number of risk factors that can lead to a heart attack, including:
- age \heredity
- blood pressure that is too high
- Obesity and high cholesterol
- a bad diet
- consuming too much booze (on a regular basis: more than one drink per day for women and more than two drinks per day for men)
- a lack of physical activity
A heart attack is a life-threatening medical condition. If you believe you might be having one, it’s critical to pay attention to what your body is telling you. It’s better to seek emergency medical care and be wrong than to wait until you’re having a heart attack to get aid.
Pain, pressure, and discomfort in the chest
The majority of people who have a heart attack report chest pain or discomfort. It’s essential to note, however, that chest pains don’t always accompany a heart attack.
A typical symptom of a heart attack is chest discomfort. This sensation has been characterized as feeling like an elephant is standing on one’s chest.
Some people may not consider chest discomfort to be painful. Instead, individuals could describe tightness or squeeze in their chest. The soreness might reappear hours or even days later. All of these symptoms might indicate that your heart muscle isn’t getting enough oxygen.
If you or someone close to you is experiencing chest symptoms or tightness, contact 911 right once.
There’s more to chest discomfort than that.
Other parts of the body may experience pain and stiffness as well. The most common symptom of a heart attack is discomfort that travels down the left arm. This is possible, however, pain may also develop in other places, such as:
teeth or jaw higher abdomen shoulder back neck/throat
According to the American Heart Association, women are more likely than males to have heart attacks that produce discomfort in the lower abdomen and lower chest.
It’s possible that the discomfort isn’t even centered in the chest. Pressure in the chest and discomfort in other regions of the body are possible symptoms. Another symptom that women report more frequently than men is upper back discomfort.
Sweating more than normal, even if you aren’t exercising or being physically active, might be an early indicator of heart disease. Because pumping blood through blocked arteries requires more work from your heart, your body sweats more to compensate for the increased exertion. Consult your doctor if you are experiencing cold chills or clammy skin.
Night sweats are another typical sign of heart disease in women. This symptom may be misinterpreted by women as a sign of menopause. However, if your sheets are drenched in the morning or you can’t sleep because of your perspiration, this might be an indication of a heart attack, particularly in women.
Fatigue is a less well-known heart attack symptom in women. Some women may mistake heart attack symptoms for flu-like symptoms, according to the American Heart Association.
Because your heart is working overtime to pump blood through a blocked artery, a heart attack can induce fatigue. It might be an indication that something is wrong if you are frequently weary or drained for no apparent cause.
Women are more likely than males to have fatigue and shortness of breath, which can begin months before a heart attack. That’s why, if you’re experiencing early indications of tiredness, you should visit a doctor as soon as possible.
Your breathing and your heart’s ability to efficiently pump blood are inextricably linked. Blood is pumped by your heart so that it may circulate to your tissues and get oxygen from your lungs. You may have shortness of breath if your heart is unable to pump blood effectively (as in the event of a heart attack).
Shortness of breath is a symptom that can accompany uncommon tiredness in women. For example, some women claim that the activity they were doing caused them to become particularly short of breath and fatigued. They may become tired and unable to recover their breath while going to the mailbox. In women, this is a typical indication of a heart attack.
Lightheadedness and dizziness are common symptoms women report after they have a heart attack. Some women claim that attempting to get up or exerting themselves causes them to faint out. This is not a common sensation, and it should not be dismissed if you experience it.
Palpitations in the heart
Heart palpitations can range from feeling as though your heart skips a beat to experiencing variations in heart rhythm that make your heart pound or throb. To optimally circulate blood throughout your body, your heart and body rely on a constant, steady pulse. If your heart starts to skip a beat, it might be an indication that you’re experiencing a heart attack.
Heart palpitations caused by a heart attack might make you feel uneasy or anxious, especially if you’re a woman. Some people report feeling their heart hammering in their neck rather than their chest when they have heart palpitations.
Changes in your heart’s rhythm should not be disregarded, since if your heart is continuously out of rhythm, you’ll need medical help to bring it back in sync. Palpitations that are accompanied by dizziness, chest tightness, chest pain, or fainting may indicate that you are having a heart attack.
Vomiting, nausea, and indigestion
Before a heart attack, many people have minor indigestion and other gastrointestinal issues. These symptoms are sometimes misdiagnosed as heartburn or another food-related condition since heart attacks are more common in elderly persons who have more indigestion issues.
Indigestion or heartburn, if you typically have a strong stomach, might be an indication that something else is wrong.
Foods that are good for your heart
Herbs in their natural state
You’re choosing a heart-healthy option when you use them instead of salt and fat in meals. They provide taste without adding any undesirable ingredients. Spices and other foods are tasty ways to eat heart-healthy meals.
Black beans are mild and delicate, yet they’re filled with heart-healthy minerals. Folate, antioxidants, and magnesium can all help to decrease blood pressure. Their fiber helps to keep cholesterol and blood sugar levels in check. Soups and salads help from the increase of beans.
Resveratrol with Red Wine
If you drink alcohol, a glass of red wine may be a good option for your heart. Red wine antioxidants resveratrol and catechins may protect arterial walls. Alcohol can also develop HDL or good cholesterol.
Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol is hazardous for your heart. Women should drink no more than one drink per day, while men should drink no more than two drinks per day. It’s best to consult your physician beforehand. People who are taking aspirin or other medicines may experience difficulties if they drink alcohol.
Salmon is a superfood.
It’s high in omega-3s, making it a great meal for heart health. Omega-3 fatty acids are heart-healthy fats that may decrease blood pressure and reduce the risk of cardiac rhythm problems. They may also help to decrease lipid levels and inflammation. Two meals of salmon or other fatty fish per week are recommended by the American Heart Association.
Tuna is often less expensive than salmon and contains omega-3 fatty acids. Albacore tuna (white tuna) contains significantly more omega-3 fatty acids than other tuna species. Grilled tuna steak with dill and lemon is a delicious option. Other omega-3-rich foods include mackerel, herring, lake trout, sardines, and anchovies.
To keep your heart healthy, choose tuna packed in water rather than oil.
This oil is produced from smashed olives and is a healthy fat. They may help to keep your blood vessels healthy. Olive oil can help reduce cholesterol levels when it is used to substitute saturated fats (such as butter).
A little handful of walnuts each day may help reduce cholesterol levels. It may also help to keep your heart’s arteries from becoming inflamed. Walnuts are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, monounsaturated fats, which are good for you. When walnuts are used to substitute unhealthy fats found in chips and cookies, the advantages are realized.
Salad dressings with walnut oil are a great idea.
Vegetables, fish, poultry, and sweets all benefit from slivered almonds. Almonds may aid in the reduction of “bad” LDL cholesterol. Every day, take a tiny handful.
Toast them to bring out their creamy, mild flavor.
Soybeans are known as edamame in Japanese. Soy protein can aid with cholesterol reduction. You’d need roughly four pieces of whole wheat bread to obtain that much fiber.
Tofu is a fantastic source of vegetarian soy protein that also contains heart-healthy minerals, fiber, and polyunsaturated fats. It will absorb the flavor of the spices or sauces you use to prepare it.
Tips: Firm tofu should be chopped, marinated, and then grilled or stir-fried.
These minerals aid in the regulation of blood pressure. Swiss chard also contains fiber, vitamin A, and the antioxidants lutein and zeaxanthin, all of which are good for your heart.
Oranges are sweet and juicy, and they contain the cholesterol-lowering fiber pectin. They also contain potassium, which aids in blood pressure control. In one study, drinking two cups of orange juice per day improved blood vessel health. It also helped men’s blood pressure.
Instead of rice, try this nutty whole grain. Soups and stews can also be made with barley. Barley’s fiber can help to lower cholesterol levels.
Learn everything there is to know about barley. The most nutritious barley is hulled or “whole grain” barley. Toasted and ground barley grits They’re delicious as a cereal or as a side dish. Although pearl barley is quick, it lacks a lot of heart-healthy fiber.
Warm oatmeal keeps you full for hours, prevents snack attacks, and helps keep blood sugar levels stable over time, making it ideal for diabetics. The fiber in oats may benefit your heart by lowering bad cholesterol (LDL).
Fiber, phytochemicals called lignin, and omega-3 fatty acids are all good for your heart in this shiny, honey-colored seed.
For the best nutrition, grind flaxseed. Add it to cereal, baked goods, yogurt, or a sandwich with mustard.
Yogurt with Low Fat
You probably believe in yourself, “Good for my bones!” when you think of dairy foods. These foods can also aid in the management of high blood pressure. Calcium and potassium are abundant in yogurt. Choose low-fat varieties to get the most calcium and the least fat.
The foods that have been supplemented with sterols. Cholesterol-fighting sterols and stanols are added to some margarine, soy milk, almond milk, and orange juices. These plant extracts prevent cholesterol from being absorbed by your gut. They can reduce LDL levels by 10% without affecting good cholesterol.
Cherry juice, sweet cherries, sour cherries, dried cherries, are all delicious. Anthocyanin, a type of antioxidant, is found in abundance in all of them.
Find Out More: Dried cherries can be added to cereal, muffin batter, green salads, and wild rice.
When it comes to nutrition, blueberries are unrivaled. They contain anthocyanins, which are antioxidants that aid blood vessel health. The dark blue color of the berries is due to the antioxidants. Blueberries also contain fiber and a variety of other beneficial nutrients. Blueberries, fresh or dried, can be added to cereal, pancakes, or yogurt.
Dessert Idea: Puree a batch to make a sweet sauce that can be used as a dip or drizzled over other sweets.
Foods to avoid
Excess sugar, salt, and unhealthy fats should be avoided as a general rule. This is particularly true following a heart attack.
A partial list of foods to limit or avoid is as follows:
- a quick meal
- food that has been fried
- canned food (with the exception of vegetables and beans, as long as there is no added salt)
- candy \chips
- frozen meals that have been processed
- cakes and cookies
- condiments for ice cream, such as mayonnaise, ketchup, and packaged salad dressing
- meat that is red (enjoy in limited quantities only)
- vegetable oils that have been hydrogenated with alcohol (these contain trans fats)
- pizza with deli meat, burgers, and hot dogs
Limit your saturated fat intake and completely avoid trans-fat (found in hydrogenated oils) for a healthy heart.
Saturated fat should not account for more than 6% of your total daily calories. If you have high cholesterol, this is especially important. Limit your daily sodium intake to 1,500 mg or less to control blood pressure.
Consult your doctor to see if caffeinated beverages such as coffee and tea are safe for your heart.
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