Breast cancer and foods for breast cancer
After skin cancer, breast cancer is the second most common cancer diagnosed in women in the United States. Breast cancer can affect both men and women, although women are more likely to be affected.
Its detection and treatment have progressed thanks to significant investment in research and awareness. Breast cancer survival rates have improved, and the number of fatalities connected to the disease has steadily decreased, thanks to early detection, a unique personalized approach to therapy, and a better understanding of the disease.
- In situ ductal carcinoma (DCIS)
- Breast cancer that is inflammatory
- Invasive lobular carcinoma is a type of cancer that spreads throughout the body.
- In situ lobular cancer (LCIS)
- Breast cancer in men
- Paget’s disease is a type of breast cancer.
- Breast cancer that recurs
Some of the indications and symptoms of breast cancer are as follows:
- A lump or growth in the breast that isn’t the same size or shape as the rest of the breast.
- Dimpling is a change in the skin surrounding the breasts, for example.
- A nipple that has inverted lately
- The skin around the nipple (areola) or breast skin peels, scales, crusts, or flakes.
- Like the skin of an orange, the skin above your breasts appears reddish or pitted.
When should you see a doctor?
Make an appointment with your doctor right away if you notice a lump or other change in your breast, even if recent mammography was normal.
According to physicians, breast cancer occurs when certain breast cells begin to grow abnormally. These cells divide at a faster rate than healthy cells and continue to grow, generating a lump or mass.
Breast cancer is most commonly caused by cells in the milk-producing ducts (invasive ductal carcinoma). Breast cancer can begin in the glandular tissue known as lobules and other cells or tissues inside the breast (invasive lobular carcinoma).
According to studies, hormonal, lifestyle, and environmental variables have all been linked to an increased risk of breast cancer. However, it’s unknown why some people who have no risk factors develop cancer while others who do have risk factors never do. Breast cancer is most likely caused by a complex interaction between your genetic makeup and the environment in which you live.
Generation to generation
Doctors believe that gene mutations handed down through the generations are responsible for 5 to 10% of breast cancers.
Several inherited mutant genes have been identified that potentially raise the risk of breast cancer. Breast cancer genes 1 (BRCA1) and 2 (BRCA2) are the most well-known, both of which considerably increases the risk of breast and ovarian cancer.
If you have a significant family history of breast cancer or other cancers, your doctor may offer a blood test to discover particular BRCA or other gene mutations that are handed down via your family.
Factors that are at risk
Anything that enhances your chances of developing breast cancer is a breast cancer risk factor. However, having one or more breast cancer risk factors does not mean you will get breast cancer. Other than the fact that they are women, many women with breast cancer have no known risk factors.
A higher risk of breast cancer has been related to the following factors:
- Being a lady is a difficult task. Breast cancer affects significantly more women than it does males.
- Growing elderly. Your risks of having breast cancer grow as you get older.
- Breast cancer has been a personal experience for me. If you’ve had a breast biopsy and it indicated lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) or atypical hyperplasia of the breast, you’re more likely to get breast cancer.
- A personal story about breast cancer. You’re more prone to acquire cancer in the other breast if you’ve had breast cancer in one.
- Radiation exposure. If you received radiation treatments to your chest as a child or young adult, your chance of breast cancer is greater.
- Obesity. Obesity increases the likelihood of acquiring breast cancer.
- You should begin your period while you are younger. If you start your period before the age of 12, you’re more likely to get breast cancer.
- Menopause occurs later in life. If you started menopause later in life, you’re more likely to get breast cancer.
- Having your first kid later in life. Women who have their first child beyond the age of 30 are more likely to get breast cancer.
- I’ve never had a child before. Women who have never been pregnant are more likely to get breast cancer than women who have had one or more babies.
- Hormone replacement treatment (HRT) for postmenopausal women. Women who use hormone therapy medications that mix estrogen and progesterone to treat the signs and symptoms of menopause are more likely to develop breast cancer. When women stop using these drugs, their chances of developing breast cancer decrease.
- Consumption of alcoholic drinks. Breast cancer is increased by drinking alcohol.
Breast cancer risk reduction for average-risk women
Making lifestyle changes can help lower your risk of breast cancer. Make an effort to:
- Inquire about breast cancer screening with your doctor. Discuss when to start breast cancer screening exams and tests, such as clinical breast exams and mammograms, with your doctor.
- Consult your doctor about the advantages and disadvantages of screening. You and your partner can select which breast cancer screening options are best for you.
- Breast self-examination might help you become more aware of your breasts. Women may opt to become acquainted with their breasts by performing a breast self-exam for breast awareness on a regular basis. Talk to your doctor right away if you notice any new changes, lumps, or other strange signs in your breasts.
- If you must drink alcohol, do it in moderation. If you prefer to drink, keep your alcohol consumption to no more than one drink each day.
- Most days of the week, you should exercise. On most days of the week, try to get in at least 30 minutes of exercise. If you haven’t been active in a while, consult your doctor and begin slowly.
- Hormone therapy for postmenopausal women should be kept to a minimum. Breast cancer risk may be increased by using a combination of hormones. Some women endure uncomfortable signs and symptoms throughout menopause, and the higher risk of breast cancer may be acceptable to these women in exchange for relief from menopause symptoms. Use the lowest possible dose of hormone therapy for the shortest amount of time to lower the risk of breast cancer.
- Maintain a healthy body mass index (BMI). If you need to reduce weight, talk to your doctor about how to do so in a healthy way. Reduce the quantity of calories you consume each day and gradually increase your physical activity.
Breast cancer risk reduction for high-risk women
If your doctor has reviewed your family history and found that you have other risk factors for breast cancer, such as precancerous breast disease, you may consider strategies to lower your risk, such as:
- Medications for preventive (chemoprevention). Selective estrogen receptor modulators and aromatase inhibitors, for example, reduce the risk of breast cancer in women with a high risk of the disease.
Because these treatments have a high risk of adverse effects, doctors only prescribe them to women who are at a very high risk of breast cancer. Consult your doctor about the advantages and disadvantages.
- Preventive surgery is a type of surgery that is performed in order to prevent Women who are at a high risk of breast cancer may elect to have their healthy breasts removed surgically (prophylactic mastectomy). They can also have their healthy ovaries removed (prophylactic oophorectomy) to lower their risk of breast and ovarian cancer.
Best Food for breast cancer
Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer in women, impacting 1 in every 8 women in the United States at some point in their lives. Male breast cancer accounts for less than 1% of total breast cancer cases, yet it does occur in men.
This condition could be caused by DNA damage and genetic alterations. Obesity, as well as inheriting specific genes like BRCA1 and BRCA2, can raise your risk.
Heavy drinking, smoking, hormone exposure, and specific dietary patterns — especially Western diets abundant in processed foods — have all been linked to an elevated risk of breast cancer in studies.
Other eating patterns, such as the Mediterranean diet, have been linked to a lower incidence of breast cancer in studies. Furthermore, certain meals may even help to prevent this sickness.
Here are ten items to eat, as well as a few to avoid, to help minimize your risk of breast cancer.
Foods that may help to reduce the risk of breast cancer
Keep in mind that breast cancer can be caused by a variety of circumstances. While altering your diet can help you live a healthier life and lower your cancer risk, it’s only one part of the jigsaw.
Even if you eat a healthy diet, you should still get mammograms and physical breast cancer checks regularly. After all, early identification and diagnosis improve survival rates dramatically. Breast cancer screenings should be discussed with your healthcare professional.
Nonetheless, research suggests that eating certain foods may reduce your risk of developing this disease.
Vegetables with lots of leaves
Leafy green vegetables such as kale, arugula, spinach, mustard greens, and chard may have anti-cancer qualities.
Beta carotene, lutein, and zeaxanthin are carotenoid antioxidants found in leafy green vegetables, and higher blood levels of these antioxidants have been linked to a lower risk of breast cancer.
Those with higher levels of carotenoids had a considerably decreased risk of breast cancer than women with lower levels, according to a review of eight research involving over 7,000 persons.
Follow-up research of over 32,000 women found that higher blood levels of total carotenoids were connected to an 18–28% lower risk of breast cancer, as well as a lower chance of recurrence and death in those who had already been diagnosed with breast cancer
Furthermore, evidence suggests that consuming a lot of folates, a B vitamin found in green leafy vegetables, can help prevent breast cancer.
Fruits of the citrus family
Citrus fruits are high in folate, vitamin C, and carotenoids like beta kryptoxanthin and beta carotene, as well as flavonoid antioxidants like quercetin, hesperidin, and naringenin, all of which may help prevent breast cancer.
Antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory properties are provided by these nutrients.
According to a study, citrus fruit has been linked to a lower risk of numerous diseases, including breast cancer. Citrus consumption was associated with a 10% reduction in breast cancer risk in a study of six trials including over 8,000 persons.
Oranges, grapefruits, lemons, limes, and tangerines are examples of citrus fruits.
Salmon, sardines, and mackerel are examples of fatty seafood with outstanding health advantages. Their omega-3 fatty acids, selenium, and antioxidants like canthaxanthin may have cancer-fighting properties. -protective properties
According to research, eating fatty fish lowers your risk of breast cancer.
According to a major study of 26 research involving 883,000 participants, those who ate the most seafood sources of omega-3s had a 14 percent lower risk of breast cancer than those who ate the least.
Eating more fatty fish and fewer refined oils and processed meals to balance your omega-3 to omega-6 ratio may help you lose weight.
Consuming berries regularly may help reduce your risk of various malignancies, including breast cancer.
Antioxidants found in berries, such as flavonoids and anthocyanins, have been shown to protect against cellular damage as well as cancer cell formation and spread.
Research of 75,929 women found that eating more berries, especially blueberries, was connected to a decreased incidence of estrogen receptor-negative (ER) breast cancer.
Foods that have been fermented
Probiotics and other nutrients found in fermented foods such as yogurt, kimchi, miso, and sauerkraut may help protect against breast cancer.
In both Western and Asian cultures, an analysis of 27 studies connected fermented dairy products like yogurt and kefir to a lower risk of breast cancer.
According to animal studies, this protective effect is linked to the immune-boosting properties of specific probiotics.
Allium vegetables such as garlic, onions, and leeks provide a variety of nutrients such as organosulfur compounds, flavonoid antioxidants, and vitamin C. These could have anticancer characteristics.
A study of 660 women in Puerto Rico found that eating a lot of garlic and onions lowered the incidence of breast cancer.
Similarly, a study of 285 women revealed that eating a lot of garlic and leeks may help prevent breast cancer. However, the study discovered a link between a high intake of sautéed onions and the development of breast cancer.
As a result, more investigation into onions and breast health is required.
Apples, pears, and peaches
A study of 75,929 women found that those who ate at least two servings of peaches per week had a 41% lower chance of having ER– breast cancer.
Peach polyphenol antioxidants were found to suppress the growth and spread of a breast cancer cell line in a test tube investigation.
Furthermore, a study including 272,098 women found that eating apples and pears reduced the incidence of breast cancer.
Cauliflower, cabbage, and broccoli are examples of cruciferous vegetables that may help reduce your breast cancer risk.
Glucosinolate chemicals are found in cruciferous vegetables, which your body can convert into is thiocyanate molecules. These have a lot of anti-cancer potentials.
A study of 1,493 women found that eating more overall cruciferous vegetables was connected to a lower risk of breast cancer.
Fiber, vitamins, and minerals abound in beans. Their high fiber content, in particular, may protect against breast cancer.
When compared to low bean intake, a study of 2,571 women indicated that high bean intake lowered breast cancer risk by up to 20%.
Furthermore, a study of 1,260 Nigerian women found that those who ate the most beans had a 28 percent lower risk of breast cancer than those who ate the least.
Spices and herbs
Plant components found in herbs and spices such as parsley, rosemary, oregano, thyme, turmeric, curry, and ginger may help protect against breast cancer. Vitamins, fatty acids, and polyphenol antioxidants are among them.
Curcumin, the major active ingredient in turmeric, as well as apigenin, a flavonoid abundant in parsley, have shown substantial anticancer activities.
Because many different herbs and spices have potent anticancer properties, it’s a good idea to include a variety in your diet.
Avocado is high in heart-healthy fats. Obesity is linked to fatty diets, and obese persons appear to have an increased risk of cancer, particularly breast cancer. Although some dietary fat is required for optimal physiological function, it is critical to consume the correct type.
In moderation, polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats can be advantageous. They can be found in olive oil, avocados, seeds, and nuts.
Cold-water fish, such as salmon and herring, are high in omega-3 polyunsaturated fat, which is good for your health. This fat may also assist in the prevention of breast cancer.
Another study including over 3,000 women found that those who consumed high quantities of omega-3 had a 25% decreased chance of breast cancer recurrence in the next seven years.
Omega-3 fatty acids may have health benefits due to their ability to alleviate inflammation. Inflammation may play a role in the development of breast cancer.
Foods to avoid
Foods that may contribute to the development of several cancers, including breast cancer, include:
- alcohol, sugar, fat, red meat, and processed foods
Regular alcohol intake has been linked to an increased risk of breast cancer, according to studies.
According to Breastcancer.org, alcohol can raise estrogen levels and harm DNA. They also point out that women who consume three alcoholic beverages each week have a 15% higher chance of acquiring breast cancer.
According to calculations, each additional drink per day increases the risk by roughly 10%.
Mice fed a diet as high in sugar as the usual American diet were more likely to develop mammary gland tumors, which are equivalent to breast cancer in humans, according to a 2016 study.
Furthermore, these tumors had a higher chance of spreading or metastasizing.
According to a reliable source, not all fats are bad. Although processed food fat tends to increase the risk of breast cancer, some plant-based lipids may help to lower it.
It has been linked to an increased risk of breast cancer by scientists. Trans fats are found in processed meats such as fried foods, crackers, donuts, and packaged cookies and pastries. Wherever possible, people should reduce their intake of trans fats.
Some studies have revealed a link between red meat and an increased risk of breast cancer, especially when the meat is cooked at high temperatures, which can cause chemicals to be released.
Furthermore, processed meats and cold cuts have high fat, salt, and preservative content. Breast cancer risk may be increased rather than reduced as a result of certain factors. Overall, reducing the amount of processing a meal undergoes makes it healthier.